You are only limited by the amount of memory available and the maximum number of ELEMENTS (as opposed to dimensions) in a matrix. The actual number of dimensions is just a detail about how the memory is indexed. You can reshape any existing matrix to any number of dimensions (I'll give details below). You can only create a new matrix if it abides by the memory and element limits that vary by computer.
To find out the maximum number of elements for a matrix on your computer, use the MATLAB command "computer" (do "help computer" for details). For example:
tells me that I can have 2.8147e+14 elements in matrices on my computer. So I better be sure that:[~,maxsize,~]=computer
is less than that number.(number of rows) × (number of columns) × (number of cubes) × (number of 4-th dimensional thinggies) × (...)
To find out about memory limits on your system see, the command "memory" ("help memory" or "doc memory"). Unfortunately, memory may not be available on your system. Alternatively, you can see:
for information about memory limits in MATLAB. For information about the maximum number of elements (and the command "computer" that I discussed above), see (UPDATE: MATLAB has moved this page, and this link doesn't land in the right spot anymore):
Regarding dimensions, you can use the command "reshape" to re-index any existing matrix. For example, if I start with the column vector:
I can turn it into a row vector:A=ones(100,1)
or a matrix of any number of dimensions so long as the number of elements is still 100.newA = reshape(A, 1, 100)
Now, I'm assuming you're using regular MATLAB matrices. Alternatively, you can use sparse matrices so long as you limit yourself to functions that work with sparse matrices:newA = reshape( A, 2, 2, 25 ) newA = reshape( A, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 100, 1 ) newA = reshape( A, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 50, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ) % etc.
sparse matrix stores an index with every element. That lets it "skip over" the 0 elements of the matrix. Consequently, you can store VERY large matrices with an abstract number of elements far larger than anything you can work with in MATLAB... however, most of those abstract elements will be 0.